¿Quieres criar hijos exitosos? Un nuevo estudio psicológico afirma que esta 1 cualidad mental es la más importante

¿Quieres generar controversia? Pregúntele a un grupo de personas muy exitosas si creen que “sigue tu pasión” es un buen consejo. Confía en mí, será divertido:

Como anécdota, están por todo el mapa. Irónicamente, también suelen ser bastante apasionados por sus respuestas.

Aún así, si un estudio psicológico recientemente publicado va por buen camino, ahora hay una respuesta clara, correcta, simple y directa a la pregunta “Sigue tu pasión” y va bien:

“Para las personas que se encuentran entre los mejores en su campo, la pasión es el factor más importante. Es la clave esencial del éxito”.

Conozca a Hermundur Sigmundsson, profesor del Departamento de Psicología de la NTNU y autor principal del estudio, publicado este mes en la revista trimestral revisada por pares. Nuevas ideas en psicología..

Si le crees a él y a sus compañeros, el caso está cerrado: seguir tu pasión es el mejor consejo del mundo.

¿O es eso? A continuación, desglosaremos el estudio, analizaremos sus hallazgos, criticaremos sus limitaciones y exploraremos cómo podría aplicarse más allá del tamaño de muestra que utilizaron. Creo que también añadiremos una importante salvedad cualitativa a las conclusiones de Sigmundsson, aunque en general nos gusta la idea.

Pasión, coraje y mentalidad

Sigmundsson y un equipo de académicos de universidades escandinavas, principalmente en Noruega, pero una en Islandia, se propusieron determinar si un rasgo mental particular podría ser compartido entre los atletas de élite en edad escolar.

Su investigación inicial se limitó a tres rasgos mentales:

  • Pasión: definida como “tener un fuerte entusiasmo o deseo por algo”
  • Grit: “un factor de personalidad que refleja la persistencia en el logro de objetivos a largo plazo”
  • Mentalidad: “Creer que el desempeño es variable y que las habilidades se pueden desarrollar con el tiempo”.

Como sujetos de estudio, los académicos en su mayoría noruegos estudiaron a los jugadores de fútbol noruegos, centrándose en equipos en dos grupos de edad:

  • Un equipo de élite con una media de edad de 22 años, cuyos jugadores se han clasificado para jugar en la máxima liga profesional de Noruega, y
  • Un equipo regional de nivel juvenil con una edad promedio de poco menos de 15 años, cuyos jugadores eran muy competentes pero estaban en una etapa más joven de sus carreras y jugaban en un nivel inferior.

A partir de entonces, hubo dos componentes en el estudio.

  • Primero, a los jugadores se les hizo una serie de 24 preguntas para calificar su pasión, coraje y mentalidad.
  • Por separado, se les pidió a sus entrenadores que clasificaran a sus equipos e identificaran a los jugadores con la competencia más alta y más baja.

“Diferencia clara”

Las correlaciones fueron claras, como era de esperar (ya que estoy escribiendo sobre ellas). Los niveles más altos de pasión de los jugadores se correlacionaron con clasificaciones más altas de competencia.

Las mediciones de los otros dos rasgos mentales (coraje del jugador y mentalidad de crecimiento) estaban mucho menos alineadas. Para citar la conclusión divertidamente específica en el propio artículo de la revista:

Estos resultados pueden indicar el importante papel que juega la pasión por el logro y convertirse en un buen jugador de fútbol.

Nuestros resultados muestran una clara diferencia entre los grupos HFC y LFC para equipos de élite y junior en pasión, lo que respalda la evidencia anecdótica. Los resultados de nuestro estudio sugieren que la pasión puede ser un factor clave en el éxito deportivo.

Entonces, si está tratando de presentar un equipo de fútbol noruego, tenemos una respuesta bien documentada. Aún así, creo que podemos hacer más con él.

pasión más…

El estudio tiene sus limitaciones. Lo más evidente desde el principio fue que solo incluyeron a hombres y niños en su estudio. Desafortunadamente, esto es bastante común en estudios de este tipo (e.g.

otro ejemplo).

Pero mientras entremos en el debate, creo que vale la pena ver esto de otra manera. Quizás la mentalidad de crecimiento tiene que ver con la creencia de una persona de que crecerá y tendrá éxito, mientras que la determinación tiene que ver con si se está aferrando a una oportunidad de crecimiento que se presenta.

Mientras tanto, la pasión tiene que ver con el entusiasmo con el que se esfuerzan por lograr primero un objetivo específico.

Independientemente de los equipos de fútbol noruegos, los tres me parecen importantes.

Pero esa es la razón por la que estamos investigando estos estudios: tanto para aprender cómo entrenarnos para tener éxito, como para proporcionarles a nuestros hijos cualquier beneficio que podamos rastrear, cualquier beneficio que ellos puedan rastrear.

Mientras escribo en mi libro electrónico gratuito, Neurociencia: 13 formas de entender y entrenar tu cerebro para la vidaNo hay nada más fascinante que el cerebro humano y la forma inesperada en que funciona.

Y eso es algo que casi cualquiera puede apasionarse.

Las opiniones expresadas aquí por los columnistas de Heaven32 son propias y no de Heaven32.

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Or is it? Below, we'll break down the study, analyze its results, criticize its limitations, and explore how it might apply beyond the sample size they used. I think we'll also add an important qualitative qualifier to Sigmundsson's conclusions, even if we like the idea in general.

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Passion, grit and mindset

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Sigmundsson and a team of academics from Scandinavian universities--mostly in Norway, but one in Iceland--set out to determine whether any specific mental trait might be shared among the most elite school-aged athletes.

\n

Their initial investigation narrowed in on three mental traits:

\n

    \t

  • Passion: defined as \"having a strong enthusiasm or desire for something\"
  • \t

  • Grit: \"a personality factor reflecting persistence in accomplishing long-term goals\"
  • \t

  • Mindset: \"belief that achievement is variable, and that abilities can be developed over time.\"

\n

As study subjects, the mostly Norwegian academics studied Norwegian soccer players, focusing on teams in two age groups:

\n

    \t

  • An elite team, averaging age 22, whose players were qualifying to play in the top Norwegian professional league, and
  • \t

  • A junior level regional team, averaging just under age 15, whose players were highly proficient but were at a younger stage of their careers and playing at a lower level.

\n

From there, there were two components to the study.

\n

    \t

  • First, players were asked a series of 24 questions designed to assess their passion, grit and mindset.
  • \t

  • Separately, their coaches were asked to rank their teams, identifying the highest competence and lowest competence players. 

\n

'Clear difference' 

\n

The correlations were clear, as you might expect (given that I'm writing about this). Higher levels of players' passion correlated to higher rankings for competence.

\n

Measurement of the other two mental traits--players' grit and growth mindset--were much less aligned. To quote from the amusingly specific conclusion within the journal article itself:

\n

These results may indicate the important role of passion for achievement and for becoming a good football player.

\n

Our findings indicate clear difference between HFC and LFC groups for both Elite and Junior team in passion, supporting anecdotal evidence. The results of our study suggest that passion may be a key factor for athletic success.

\n

So, if you're trying to field a Norwegian football team we have a well-documented answer. Still, I think there's more we can do with this. 

\n

Passion, plus...

\n

The study has its limitations. Most glaring at the outset might be that they only included men and boys in their study. Unfortunately, this is something that comes up quite oHeaven32en in these kinds of studies (example,  other example). 

\n

But as long as we're jumping in the debate, I think it's worth considering this in a different way. Maybe growth mindset has to do with a person's belief that they'll be able to grow and succeed, while grit has to do with whether they'll stick with any growth opportunity placed in front of them.

\n

Meanwhile passion has to do with how eager they are to put in the effort to achieve a specific goal to begin with.

\n

It seems to me, Norwegian soccer teams notwithstanding, that all three are important.

\n

But that's why we examine these studies: both to learn how to train ourselves to succeed, and to give our kids all the advantages we can glean all the advantages they can glean.

\n

As I write in my free ebook, Neuroscience: 13 Ways to Understand and Train Your Brain for Life, there's nothing more fascinating than the human brain, and the unexpected ways in which it works. 

\n

And, that's something about which almost everyone can become passionate.

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